Berlin-Brandenburg International Schönefeld Airport Integrity Pact


Countries of operation: 
Germany (HQ)
Construction - Public works
Collective Action Type: 
Integrity Pacts

Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld GmbH (FBS), Transparency International Germany, bidding companies, independent monitor


This Integrity Pact governs all contracts involved in the construction of Berlin’s new international airport, a project valued at €2.4 billion. The pact was agreed between the company that runs the airport, Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld GmbH, and Transparency International Germany.

Further information


In the wake of German reunification, a plan was set forth for the creation of a new international airport in Berlin in the early 1990s. TI-Germany's offer to the authorities responsible for the airport's construction in late 1995 of the use of an Integrity Pact however was rejected. The authorities feared that using an Integrity Pact would signal that there was a risk of corruption in the project. As corruption allegations began to arise however, the project's various agreements were eventually cancelled by 2001. By 2004, the company charged with leading the project approached TI-Germany with the goal of seeking concrete ideas to contain corruption risks within the project. It was at this point when TI-Germany proposed once more the idea of an Integrity Pact, emphasizing as well the importance of involving an independent external monitor.

Membership organization structure: 

All bidding companies must complete standardized contract, obligating themselves to refrain from any corrupt practices. In addition, an independent monitor supervises the tendering procedures and supports the FBS to enforce a transparent and clean culture in the tenders. The monitor's regular reports also contain recommendations for the conduct of further tendering procedures and for the prevention of former shortcomings. The reports are presented to the executive board and the supervisory board of the FBS on a three-month basis. Sanctions set at three per cent of the contract value (up to €50,000) are applied in cases of breach of the Integrity Pact, with the option of excluding the bidder from the bidding process and even in future bids.


Secure corruption-free conduct in the expansion of the airport

Strengths, weaknesses, lessons learned: 

At this stage the date of opening of the airport is still uncertain. In March 2015, TI Germany chose to end participation in the Integrity Pact due to a number of reported corruption incidents.